Senior Executive Service
The SES was founded as part of the Civil Service Reform Act of 1978. It is composed of the men and women charged with leading the continuing transformation of government. These leaders are required to possess accomplished executive skills and must share a broad perspective of government and be committed to public service.
SES members fill key positions just below the top Presidential appointees (e.g., the Presidential Cabinet); a number of SES personnel can be appointed by the President.
SES members provide a major link between Presidential appointees and the rest of the federal workforce. They manage and oversee most government activity in 75 federal agencies and are expected to have executive qualifications in five key Executive Core Qualifications (ECQs): leading change, leading people, results driven, business acumen, and building coalitions.